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MUSIC AND SPACE.
Transmissions from Writtle
Novel Scene Described.
The wonderful potentialities of wireless telephony and the point of excellence to which the invention has been advanced were again demonstrated in a striking de-gree at the first of a series of ''aerial'' con-certs by the Marconi Scientific Instrument Company, one of the associated Marconi companies, on Tuesday evening. Hundreds of amateur wireless devotees as well as the experts enjoyed half an hour's musical treat seated at home by their self-con-structed receiving stations. The finely adapted Marconi station at Writtle was utilised for transmitting purposes, al-though on this occasion the power had to be restricted in accordance with the terms of the Post office licence to 250watts, pro-viding a wave length of about 700 metres. Mr. Robert Howe, the possessor of a de-lightfully toned baritone voice, who is the musical director of the Harold Wood and District Musical Society, was the vocalist, and selections on a ''Cliftophone'' were also transmitted with most satisfactory results.
By courtesy of the management at the Chelmsford offices of the Marconi Com-pany, a special permit was granted to The Essex Chronicle for the attendance of a representative at the Writtle transmission station, he being the only person thus pri-vileged apart from the technical staff en-gaged and those responsible for the musi-cal items. Sharp at 7.15 the novel pro-gramme started. In a specially fitted up cubicle the musical party were accomo-dated, replete with piano and a bulky re-pertoire. After a series of telegraphic signals for calibration purposes, a member of the Marconi staff informed his expectant hearers that the proceedings were about to begin, and it needed only a little imagina-tion to dwell on the size and sort of the scattered audience. Mr. Howe's first con-tribution was a ''Floral Dance'' which, heard through receivers by the Essex Chronicle representative in a separate building some distance away, sounded beautifully clear and resonant, totally lack-ing anything in the nature of ''tin.'' The accompaniments, too, rendered in pleasing style by Miss Elsie Berry, were distinct and tuneful, completing a wholly success-ful presentation of ''wireless'' music. Mr. Howe stood close to the piano, and sang through a sensitive hand receiver. He was well acquainted with his present duties by reason of a long experience in singing for the making of gramophone records. His high notes in particular were most accu-rately transmitted. Then came a selec-tion, ''The Lost Chord'' on the Clifto-phone the sound-box of which had been ingeniously connected with the transmit-ting apparatus. This is a greatly improved type of the gramophone in the form of an attractive looking musical box, and its notes were a real pleasure to hear. In the song ''Old Barty'' Mr. Howe seemed to tell his hearers in just the rollicking mood he was. Although unheard their appre-ciation could be safely assured. Not only words, but spirit, were faithfully inter-preted. Two more selections were given on the Cliftophone, ''Robin Adair'' and ''Salut d'Amour.'' At the close a verbal message was sent out that reports on these transmissions would be appreciated, this being repeated in French and Dutch. In commemoration ofthe occasion a flashlight photograph was taken of Mr. Howe at the piano, holding the receiver by which he transmitted his songs.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1922
A selection here of more pictures / news items as we find them. First - from the Essex Chronicle & the Essex Weekly News, Friday February 17th, 1922.
CONCERTS BY WIRELESS.
On Tuesday the first of a series of tele-graphic and telephonic transmissions arranged by the Marconi Scientific Instrument Com-pany was sent out from the Marconi station at Writtle. This arrangement was made possible by the concession recently granted by the General Post Office to amateur followers of wireless telegraphy, and it is proposed to continue the transmissions weekly on Tuesdays, for a period of about an hour, starting at 7 p.m.
After a series of telegraphic signals a fifteen minutes' musical programme was radiated. This included both vocal and instrumental items. Amateurs who ''listened in'' stated that the sounds were clear, but not as loud as had been expected. on the whole the trans-missions were not heard so well as those radiated daily from Paris, or weekly from The Hague. There was a good deal of interrup-tion from other stations.
ESSEX WEEKLY NEWS
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1922
So the first song transmitted live from the 'long low hut' in Writtle on the evening of Tuesday 14th February 1922 was Mr. Robert Howe singing 'The Floral Dance'. Listen here to a 78rpm gramophone record of the same singer, same song...
...and other music was played on the ''Cliftophone''...
The 'Press Release' 12 months later...
...and the transmitter circuit diagram...